What Is Gouache: History And Applications. Online Colleges. Online Classes.
What is Gouache
The title of the present article is What Is Gouache. However, I will also refer briefly to subjects focusing on the issue of online education, as it fascinates me personally.
Most people are not quite sure what exactly the term gouache painting means. Gouache is a technique and a product at the same time!
The name gouache (pronounced "gwash") is French and derives from the Italian aguazzo (=mud), both referring to an opaque water color. However, this type of color is distinctively different from water color: it consists of pigment and a binding agent (usually Arabic gum), as water color does, but (unlike water color) the main difference is the following. The particles are larger, the ratio of pigment to water is much larger and, in addition, chalk is also present: the result is the "opaque" character of this painting medium.
The technique appeared first in Medieval times, in the decorative embellishments of illuminated manuscripts. The German artist Albrecht Dürer (16th Century) used this medium in his nature paintings. During the 17th century, gouache was introduced to England. Topographical artists started using this method from around 1740.
Opaque techniques flourished during Impressionism and Post-Impressionism: the artists were fascinated by the medium and its brilliance of color, and started using it extensively. After the first world war, and around 1930, the medium improved significantly and the result was the "Designers Opaque Water Color".
Who Uses Gouache?
Fine artists: they either use it in together with water color or by itself. The medium is excellent for abstract work, as it gives colors an outstanding brilliance and solidity.
Designers: the name, "Designers’ Gouache," was given because of the easiness of its use as well as its brilliance. Gouache is obviously very popular among designers!
Calligraphers: the medium is highly preferred in calligraphy, due of its opacity, permanence of results, but also because of its superb "flow" during work.
Airbrush artists: its unique covering power, and its opaqueness, make gouache popular in airbrushing.
More Links About Gouache
As I will continue adding information about gouache, I just wanted to put in some of my thoughts concerning e-Learning. Having taken online classes myself (in fashion design, as you can read on the appropriate page), I feel that I am in the position to include my opinions on the subject.
Online classes are based on information and communication systems to deliver their objective, which is usually E-Learning.
E-Learning can be "asynchronous" (without a supervising teacher, each class unit completed on one's own pace) or "synchronous" (under the supervision of a teacher, and only as a means to enhance teaching in a live class).
At a completely separate article, I intend to discuss in further detail the advantages and disadvantages of distance learning. Right now, I am just presenting facts.
When referring to online colleges, one generally means the colleges that offer a complete online education usually leading to a degree.
Other terms applied are: distance learning, distance education, or D-Learning.
Distance education has been known as early as of 1728, through the first advertisement at the Boston Gazette! In Britain, it first appeared in 1840. In both cases, the teachers (Caleb Phillips and Isaac Pitman, respectively) of the "weekly mailed lessons" offered to their prospective students a convenient method of learning shorthand.
Online Bachelors Degree Programs
Bachelor's and Master's degrees are offered in the following majors: creative writing, video games, digital video, art and design, web technology, music education, general education, or the business behind music and entertainment. Of course, degrees specialized in other fields are also offered but, as a musician/artist, I am approaching the subject from my own perspective!
Masters Degree Education Online
Most online Master's degree programs (in the Liberal Arts field) are offered in the field of general education. However, and according to my research, I am pleased to confirm that degrees are offered in Music Education, Creative Writing, Arts and Design. Some universities offer even Doctoral degrees online!